Wine is an alcoholic beverage that is made from grapes. Several tales are surrounding the history of wine. For instance, the biblical accounts record that wine originated from Noah and his sons producing wine at Mount Ararat. However, according to archaeologists, the history of wine can be dated back to thousands of years ago.
It is also intertwined with the history of agriculture and civilization. According to archaeological evidence, the earliest wine was first fermented in around 5000BC in regions of Armenia, Georgia, and Iran.
Although other evidence also shows that a similar wine was consumed in China. The evidence also indicates that grapevine was mainly used in the production of wine, especially during the early bronze age.
However, about 6500 years ago, another archeological evidence of wine production was found within Europe, specifically in the areas of Macedonia. These sites also contained the same remnants of crushed grapes. Wine also became part of the Egyptians history playing an essential role, especially during ceremonies and festivals. Other evidence was also found in China, in the first millennium BC.
Wine processing technology however improved considerably during the Roman empire. During this period, a variety of grape farming techniques were formed, and storage barrels developed to improve production capacity. Unfortunately, during the fall of the Roman empire, there was a significant decline in wine production.
This made medieval Europe come up and replace Rome in the industrial production and export of grape wine. In the same period, the Christians within Europe and its environs much supported the production of wine as it was used for the celebration of the Catholic mass.
In as much as the Islamic society prohibited wine, its consumption still became popular in the 15th century. By the early 1850s, the production of wine eventually became distributed throughout the world. French wine production took off during the 18th century. The 19th century was considered a golden age wine in many regions around the globe.
Grape wine, however, was brought first in Latin America by the Spanish colonies. It was primarily meant to necessitate the holy communion practice by the Catholic Eucharist. To date, the earliest planted grapes known as mission grapes, are still grown in small amounts in America.
The oldest winery is currently located in the Vayots Dzor in Armenia. This precious location was announced by archaeologist early in 2011. Among the things found by archaeologist includes wine press, fermentation pots, jars, and cups. Also, this, grape seeds and vines were found.
Over the last two centuries, wine production has wholly been revolutionized due to the improvement of technology and scientific discoveries. With the access of refrigeration, wine manufacturers can now control the fermentation temperatures among other processes so as to produce quality wines. Also, the introduction of harvesters and agricultural techniques have made manufacturers to increase their volume of production.
Currently, wine manufacturers still face the challenge of meeting the required global demands. Therefore, there should be increased efforts as well as the advancement of technology to increase wine production – click this article on red wine and health benefits.